The Cure Violence® Approach has the strongest evidence of effectiveness for violence prevention. Today, there are eight evaluations and more than a dozen studies and reports showing a large impact on violence.
Cure Violence Results
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The implementation of the Cure Violence™ strategy between 2017 and 2019 showed significant results in Cali. The program sought to reduce violence in the neighborhoods of Charco Azul and the settlements of Comuneros.
- Between 2017 and 2019, homicides were reduced by 47% in Charco Azul and by 30% in the intervention area in Comuneros.
- The voluntary involvement of 307 high-risk youths to the project (129 in Comuneros and 178 in Charco Azul).
- 40% of the young people linked to the project went back to school.
This report presents a comprehensive evaluation of the Cure Violence™ initiative implemented in Trinidad and Tobago. The program was implemented from July 2015 to August 2017. The report includes three main components: a process evaluation, impact evaluation, and cost-effectiveness analysis.
- 45% reduction in violent crime rate
- 23% reduction in calls for police
- Reduction in hospital admissions
- “They really are suggestive of a strong impact.” Nicholas Corsaro, Evaluator
- “Our study actually showed really powerful effects.” Ed Maguire, Lead Evaluator
An extensive evaluation of the Cure Violence™ program in 2 communities in New York City was conducted by John Jay College of Criminal Justice Research and Evaluation Center.
- 63% reduction in shootings and 37% reduction in gun injuries in South Bronx
- 50% reduction in gun injuries in East New York
- 22% improvement in trust in police and willingness to call police among highest risk
- 14% reduction in attitudes supporting violence, with no change in controls
- Young men in Cure Violence™ zones reported Increased confidence in police and increased willingness to contact police
A 2017 evaluation of the Cure Violence™ program in Philadelphia found significant reductions in violence associated with the program.
- 30% reduction in shootings (comparing the 24 months before the implementation to the 24 months after implementation)
- A statistically significant reduction in both total shootings across 5 hot spots
- Comparison groups reductions were either not statistically significant or not as large as those in the target areas.
A 2012 CDC/Johns Hopkins evaluation of 4 communities in Baltimore.
- 56% reductions in killings and 34% in shootings in one community
- Reductions across all 4 communities
- 276 conflict mediations
- Reductions spread to surrounding communities
- Norms on violence were changed – people in program site were much less likely to accept the use of a gun to settle a dispute; 4 times more likely to show little or no support for gun use.
A 2013 McCormick Foundation/University of Chicago/UIC quantitative and a qualitative evaluation of the 2012/2013 CeaseFire illinois/Cure Violence™ program covered two Chicago neighborhoods.
- 31% greater decrease in killings
- 1% greater decrease in total violent crimes (including domestic violence),
- 19% greater decrease in shootings
- CeaseFire high-risk participants reported decreased involvement in crime and violence,
In New York City, a 2010 BJA/Center for Court Innovation evaluation analyzed the program in Crown Heights, Brooklyn.
- 20% lower shootings compared to control
- More than 100 mediations involving more than 1,000 people
- Average monthly shooting rates decreased by 6%, while increasing in the three comparison areas between 18% and 28%
A 2009 NIJ/Northwestern University evaluation analyzed 7 communities in Chicago.
- 41% to 73% reductions in shootings
- 40% reduction/cooling of hot spots
- 100% reductions in retaliation homicides in 5 of 8 communities
- “Overall, the impact of the CeaseFire Program is significant and moderate-to-large in size.”
- “In every program area there was a substantial decline in the median density of shootings following the introduction of CeaseFire.”